This is the most simple and common weave, in witch each yarn of the weft it’s woven with alla warp yarns and conversely. It lends to the fabric an excellent flatness, regularity thickness and an exceptional stability of yard, but, at the same time, it is barely deformable. When the PLAIN WEAVE (A) it’s formed by two or more yarns in parallel (instead of being one), the result is BASKET WEAVE or PANAMA WEAVE (B). This type of wave makes the fabric more deformable, flat and resistant but not as stable.
A) PLAIN B) PANAMA BASKET
In this kind of weave, a yarn of the warp passes over at least two yarns of the weft and conversely; this weaves are characterized by a diagonal herringbone line and present a plain weave more smooth and flexible, with a good deformability but with reduced stability. Among Twill Weaves, the most commonly used are SAIA 4 – TWILL 3/1 (C) and BATAVIA 4 – TWILL 2/2 (D).
C) SAIA D) BATAVIA
In Satin Weave, a yarn of the weft passes over at least three yarns of the warp before binding to the next one: in this way yarns of warp dominate on one side and yarns of the weft on the other.
The result are thin fabrics with more smooth surface, more flexibility and an elevate level of deformability. Among Satin Weaves, the most commonly used are SATIN TURC (E) and SATIN 8, the most deformable (F).
E) Satin Turc F) Satin 8